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Constitution of the Organization “Human Rights on the Horn of Africa MRHA e.V.”
Deutsche Version

§ 1 Name and Location of the Organization

(1) The name of the Organization is
“Menschenrechte am Horn von Afrika (MRHA) e.V.”
(Human Rights on the Horn of Africa MRHA e.V.)

(2) The Organization has its address in Hermannsburg, Drosselweg 6.

(3) The Organization has been registered as a legal body in the local court of Lüneburg.

(4) The business year is the calendar year.

§ 2 Aims of the Organization

(1) The Organization operates purely on a non-profit basis in accord with the paragraph “tax-free” paragraphs of the tax regulations (§§ 51-53).

(2) The aims of the Organization are:

- to champion the full defence of human rights on the Horn of Africa according to the UN Conventions on Human Rights,
- to reveal and document violations of human rights,
- to inform the general public, and
- to promote cooperation with other human rights groups and organizations.

(3) The aims of the constitution are to be achieved by
- obtaining information about the status of human rights on the Horn of Africa,
- informing the general public about violations of human rights,
- providing legal advice services and legal aid in given cases, and, if it is within the means of the Organization,
- supporting initiatives of groups and individuals which foster the purpose of the Organization,
- winning people as voluntary collaborators,
- establishing promotion groups,
- offering information and human rights education
- cooperating with other organizations which pursue similar goals.

§ 3 Selflessness

(1) The Organization operates selflessly. It does not pursue any aims for profit.

(2) Funds from the Organization may only be used for purposes laid down in the Constitution. The members may not receive funds for themselves from the Organization.

(3) Members have no claim on assets of the Organization upon termination of their membership or upon the dissolution of the Organization.

(4) No person may receive payments which are alien to the purposes of the Organization, or excessive reembursements from the Organization.

§ 4 Membership

(1) Every natural or juridical person that is willing to support the aims of the Organization may become a member of the Organization.

(2) Application for membership is to be directed in writing to the Board of Directors.

(3) All decisions regarding the acceptance of members are made by the Board of Directors. The decision must be approved at the next Members’ Assembly.

(4) Membership ends upon resignation, exclusion or death of the member.

(5) A resignation is in principle possible at any time. The resignation is to be made in writing. It is to be addressed to the Board of Directors and it is to be made three months before the end of the quarterly period.

(6) If a member has grossly violated the interests of the Organization he/she can be expelled with immediate effect by the Board of Directors. The member has the right to justify him/herself and to state his/her position. The decision taken must be confirmed by the next Members’ Assembly. Anyone expelled can appeal against the decision within four weeks of receiving the resolution. The appeal will go for final action to the next Members’ Assembly.

§ 5 Membership contribution

(1) Every member is under obligation to pay the membership contribution, as set by the Members’ Assembly.

(2) A simple majority of the members of the Organization who are present at the Members' Assembly is required to set the membership contribution and the date of payment.

§ 6 Constituent bodies of the Organization

The constituent bodies of the Organization are:
a) The Board of Directors and
b) The Members' Assembly.

§ 7 Board of Directors

(1) The Board of Directors consists of four members. The Organization is represented by the Chair and another member of the Board of Directors.

(2) The Board of Directors consists of
a) the Chair
b) the Vice-Chair
c) two further members

(3) The Board of Directors is elected for a two years period by the Members’ Assembly. A simple majority is sufficient. Reelection is possible. The Chair is elected by the Members’ Assembly prior to the election of the other Board Members. The Board of Directors decides further functions of the Board members (the Secretary / the Treasurer). After the end of a period of office, incumbent Board members remain in office until their successors are elected.

(4) The Board of Directors is responsible for the current business,

(5) in particular, it has the following duties:
- to manage and coordinate the activities of the Organization,
- to preserve and maintain relationships with other human rights organizations in accord with the aims of the Organization
- to accept or to exclude members.

(6) The Board of Directors carries out its work on a voluntary basis.

(7) The Board of Directors meets at least twice a year.

(8) Invitation to meetings shall be made in writing two weeks in advance.

(9) At least three Board Members must be for a quorum. Decisions are taken by simple majority vote of the members present.

§ 8 Members’ Assembly

(1) The Members’ Assembly is to be called at least once a year.

(2) An extraordinary Members’ Assembly is to be called if circumstances require it or if 1/3 of the members of the Organization request such in writing, giving reasons.

(3) Official invitation shall be sent in writing two weeks in advance and must include a proposed agenda. The two weeks start the day after the invitations have been sent by post. The postmark date is decisive.

(4) The Members’ Assembly is the supreme decision-making body of the Organization and is in principle responsible for all functions of the Organization, to the extent that certain duties have not been assigned to other constituent bodies of the Organization by this Constitution.

(5) The Financial Statements and the Annual Report have to be presented in writing to the Members’ Assembly in order for it to decide about authorization and approval of the actions of the Executive Committee.

(6) The Members’ Assembly shall appoint two auditors who are members neither of the Executive Committee nor other body appointed by the Board of Directors to examine the bookkeeping and the Annual Financial Statements and report their findings to the Members’ Assembly.

(7) The Members’ Assembly shall particularly decide about:
a) the election of the Board of Directors and the auditors
b) the discussion and ratification of principles and guidelines of the Organization
c) the receipt of the Annual Report
d) what the membership contribution shall be
e) approval of the budget and the use of the finances of the Organization
f) approval of the actions of the Board of Directors
g) review of the decisions of the Board of Directors concerning admission and exclusion of members
h) amendments to the Constitution
i) dissolving the Organization.

(8) The Members’ Assembly forms a quorum if it has been called according to the Constitution of the Organization and if at least 1/3 of the members who are entitled to vote are present. Every member has one vote.

(9) The Members’ Assembly decides on motions by a simple majority. A motion is rejected if there is no distinct majority.

§ 9 Amendments to the Constitution

(1) Amendments to the Constitution can only be made with a 2/3 majority of the members entitled to vote. Voting on amendments may only take place if such proposed changes were announced in the agenda for the Assembly, and if the present as well as the planned text of the Constitution have been attached to the agenda.

(2) Modifications to this charter required by control boards, courts, or tax offices
("Aufsichts-, Gerichts-, oder Finanzbehörden") may be approved by unanimous decision of the Directors. Notification of these changes must be immediately submitted in writing to the Members’ Assembly.

§ 10 The Recording of Decisions

Decisions reached at meetings of the Directors and Members’ Assembly are to be submitted in written form and signed by the Board of Directors.

§ 11 Dissolution

(1) A two-thirds majority of members present at an Assembly is required to dissolve the Organization. Voting may only take place if the invitation to the Members’ Assembly was made in time.

(2) In the event it is voted to dissolve the Organization, or the Organization is no longer defined as a non-profit organization, the assets of the Organization shall be donated to “amnesty international – Sektion Deutschland” which may only use them for purposes which conform to the stated purpose of the Organization.

(3) Decisions on the future use of the assets of the Organization can only be made if the tax office in charge gives its approval.

§ 12 Effective Date

This Constitution shall take effect from the date of registration in the register of organizations of the local court.
Established on 18.03.2005, revised on 20.07.2005, 13.04.2007 and on 04.06.2010.

Hermannsburg, June 04, 2010

Signatures of the Executive Committee:
Dieter Lorenz, Tasgara Hirpo, Melkamu Duresso, Edith Uzar

Unterschriften der Gründungsmitglieder am 18.03.2005:
gez. Melkamu Duresso, Tasgara Hirpo, Gemechu Olana, Kurt Jürgen Schmidt, Dieter Lorenz, Angelika Spiekermann, Benti Ujulu, Girma Tavara, Dr. Yiheyis Tasissa



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